How to Factory Reset Windows 10: A Comprehensive Guide

Welcome to our article on how to factory reset Windows 10! Whether you’re experiencing performance issues, malware infections, or simply want to start fresh with a clean slate, a factory reset can help restore your computer to its original state. In this article, we’ll walk you through the steps to perform a factory reset on your Windows 10 computer.

Step-by-Step Guide to Factory Reset Windows 10

Step 1: Back Up Your Important Files

Before you perform a factory reset, it’s crucial to back up any important files and data to an external drive or cloud storage service. This way, you can restore your data after the reset is complete.

Step 2: Disconnect External Devices

Disconnect any external devices such as printers, USB drives, and Bluetooth devices. These devices can interfere with the reset process and may corrupt your data.

Step 3: Open the System Settings Menu

Click on the “Start” menu and select the gear icon to open the System Settings menu. From here, select the “Update & Security” option.

Step 4: Select “Recovery” from the Sidebar

In the left sidebar, select “Recovery”. You should see several options, including “Reset this PC”.

Step 5: Choose “Get Started” Under Reset This PC

Click on the “Get started” button under the “Reset this PC” option.

Step 6: Choose Your Reset Option

You’ll be presented with two reset options: “Keep my files” and “Remove everything”. Select the option that best suits your needs.

Step 7: Begin the Reset Process

After selecting your reset option, click on the “Reset” button to begin the process. Your computer will restart and the reset process will begin.

Step 8: Wait for the Reset to Complete

The reset process may take some time to complete, depending on the size of your hard drive and the option you selected. Your computer will restart several times during the process, so avoid turning it off or interrupting the process.

Step 9: Set Up Windows 10

After the reset is complete, Windows will prompt you to set up your computer as if it were new. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the setup process.

Step 10: Restore Your Backups

Once you’ve completed the setup process, you can restore your important files from your backup.

Step 11: Reinstall Your Applications

After restoring your files, you’ll need to reinstall any applications that you previously had installed on your computer.

Step 12: Keep Your Computer Up-to-Date

To prevent future performance issues or malware infections, keep your computer up-to-date with the latest security patches and software updates.

Other Tips and Tricks

1. Create a Recovery Drive

Create a recovery drive on a USB drive or DVD that you can use to restore your computer in case of any future issues.

2. Backup Your Files Regularly

Backup your important files and data regularly to avoid data loss in case of any hardware or software problems.

3. Use Anti-Virus Software

Install anti-virus software on your computer to protect it against malware and other cyber threats.

4. Uninstall Unused Programs

Uninstall any programs that you no longer use to free up disk space and improve overall system performance.

5. Disable Startup Programs

Disable startup programs that you don’t need to improve startup time and system performance.

6. Use a Solid-State Drive

Upgrade your hard drive to a solid-state drive (SSD) to improve computer speed and overall performance.

7. Adjust Visual Effects Settings

Adjust visual effects settings to improve system performance, especially on older computers.

8. Clear Cache and Temporary Files

Clear your browser cache and temporary files regularly to free up disk space and improve browser performance.

9. Use a Password Manager

Use a password manager to generate and store strong, unique passwords for your online accounts to protect against hacking.

10. Enable Two-Factor Authentication

Enable two-factor authentication on your online accounts to add an extra layer of security and protect against unauthorized access.

In conclusion, performing a factory reset can be a useful solution to fix various issues with your Windows 10 computer. By following these simple steps and implementing the tips and tricks, you can not only fix any current issues but also improve the overall performance and security of your computer.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Factory Resetting Windows 10


1. Restores system performance: Over time, Windows 10 operating system gathers a lot of junk files and unnecessary programs that slow down the system. A factory reset provides a fresh start, removing all the clutter and improving the system’s performance.

2. Fixes software glitches: If there are any software issues, a factory reset can fix them. It removes any corrupted files or programs that might be causing system malfunctions.

3. Removes viruses and malware: A factory reset wipes all data from the hard drive, including any viruses or malware that may have slipped through anti-virus programs.

4. Removes personal data: If you are planning on selling or giving away your device, a factory reset deletes all of your personal information. This protects your privacy and prevents any sensitive data from falling into the wrong hands.

5. Reinstalls essential programs: A factory reset reinstalls the operating system and any essential programs that may have been removed or deleted accidentally. This saves time and effort in re-downloading and re-installing programs from third-party sources.


1. Data loss: A factory reset wipes all data from the hard drive, so backing up important files and documents is crucial before initiating the process.

2. Time-consuming: A factory reset is a time-consuming process, requiring several hours or more to complete depending on the size of the hard drive and the amount of data to be wiped.

3. Disrupts workflow: A factory reset interrupts the workflow, requiring users to reinstall and set up all programs and data from scratch.

4. Potential hardware damage: Sometimes a factory reset can cause damage to the hardware components, especially if the device is old or overused. This can lead to expensive repairs.

5. Not all software is backed up: Not all programs can be backed up before a factory reset, which means that some programs and their settings will be lost.

In conclusion, a factory reset is a useful tool to optimize system performance and fix software issues, but it also comes with a few potential downsides. Therefore, it is important to weigh the benefits and drawbacks before proceeding with a factory reset.


1. What is a factory reset?

A factory reset is when a device is returned to its original state, just like when it was newly purchased from the store. This process involves erasing all personal data, settings, and applications from the device.

2. Do I need to back up my data before doing a factory reset?

Yes, it is highly recommended to back up important data before doing a factory reset. This will ensure that all your files and data remain safe and can be restored after the reset is complete.

3. How do I factory reset my Windows 10 computer?

Go to Settings > Update & Security > Recovery, and then select the option to reset your PC. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process.

4. How long does a factory reset take?

The time it takes to complete a factory reset may vary depending on the size of your hard drive and the speed of your computer. Typically, it takes around 30 minutes to an hour to complete the reset.

5. Will a factory reset of Windows 10 erase all my files?

Yes, a factory reset will erase all personal files and data. It is important to back up any important files before performing a reset.

6. Can I cancel a factory reset once it has started?

No, once the factory reset process has started, it cannot be canceled. You will need to wait for the process to complete.

7. Will a factory reset fix issues with my Windows 10 computer?

Yes, a factory reset can often fix issues with a Windows 10 computer that cannot be resolved using other methods. It can help to remove viruses, malware, and other problems that may be causing your computer to malfunction.

8. Do I need any special software to perform a factory reset?

No, Windows 10 has a built-in factory reset feature that can be accessed through the settings menu.

9. What happens to the applications that came pre-installed on my computer after a factory reset?

All pre-installed applications that came with your computer will be removed during the factory reset process. You will need to reinstall them manually after the reset is complete.

10. Can I perform a factory reset if my Windows 10 computer is not working properly?

Yes, you can perform a factory reset even if your computer is not working properly. You can access the reset feature by using the Windows 10 installation media, such as a USB or DVD.

11. Will a factory reset remove my Windows 10 operating system?

No, a factory reset will not remove the Windows 10 operating system. It will only erase personal files, data, and applications.

12. Can I perform a factory reset if I have multiple user accounts on my computer?

Yes, you can perform a factory reset even if you have multiple user accounts on your computer. However, all user accounts and their associated data will be erased during the reset process.

13. Can I undo a factory reset once it is complete?

No, a factory reset cannot be undone once it is complete. All data and settings will be permanently erased, so you should only perform a reset if you are sure that it is necessary.

How to Factory Reset Windows 10

If you are having issues with your Windows 10 operating system, or simply want to wipe the slate clean, a factory reset may be in order. This process will erase all personal data and settings from your computer, returning it to its original state. Fortunately, it’s a fairly simple process that can be completed in just a few steps.

Conclusion and Closing Thoughts

Performing a factory reset on Windows 10 can be an effective way to resolve software issues, remove personal data, and restore your device to its original state. Just be sure to back up any important files before proceeding, as the process will erase all data from your computer. With these steps, you’ll be able to reset your Windows 10 device with ease and confidence.

Thank you for reading this guide on how to factory reset Windows 10. We hope it has been helpful and informative. Now it’s time for you to take action and reset your device. Good luck, and we’ll see you soon!