How to Factory Reset Windows: A Step-by-Step Guide

Welcome to our article on how to factory reset Windows! If you are experiencing performance issues or your computer has become slow over time, a factory reset may be exactly what you need. But before we dive into the steps, let’s talk about what a factory reset actually is.

What is a Factory Reset?

A factory reset, also known as a hard reset, is the process of returning a device or computer to its original factory settings. This removes all installed software, personal data, and settings, essentially reverting the device back to its state when it was first purchased. In the case of Windows, a factory reset can be a useful way to wipe out any malware or viruses that have infiltrated your system, or simply to give your computer a fresh start.

The 12 Steps to Factory Resetting Windows

Now that we have a better understanding of what a factory reset is, let’s dive into the steps. Keep in mind that these steps may vary slightly depending on your version of Windows.

Step 1: Back Up Your Files

Before starting the factory reset process, it’s important to back up any important files and documents to an external hard drive or cloud-based storage service.

To do this, simply navigate to your files and select the ones you want to save. You can then transfer them to your external drive or upload them to the cloud.

Step 2: Disconnect External Devices

Make sure to disconnect any external devices, such as printers or USB drives, from your computer before starting the factory reset.

Step 3: Access the Windows Recovery Environment

To start the factory reset process, you will need to access the Windows Recovery Environment. This can usually be done by restarting your computer and pressing the F11 key as it boots up.

Step 4: Choose Your Language and Keyboard Settings

Once in the Windows Recovery Environment, select your language and keyboard settings from the menu.

Step 5: Choose Troubleshoot

Next, select the “Troubleshoot” option from the main menu.

Step 6: Choose Reset This PC

From the Troubleshoot menu, select the “Reset this PC” option.

Step 7: Choose Your Reset Option

At this point, you will be prompted to choose a reset option. You can either choose “Keep my files” or “Remove everything”. Keep in mind that choosing “Remove everything” will wipe all personal data from your computer.

Step 8: Choose Your Drive

Next, select the drive you want to reset.

Step 9: Start the Reset

Once you have selected your options, click “Reset” to begin the process.

Step 10: Wait for the Reset to Complete

The factory reset process may take some time to complete, depending on the size of your hard drive and the speed of your computer. It’s important to not interrupt the process at this point.

Step 11: Set Up Your Computer

Once the factory reset is complete, you will need to set up your computer as if it were brand new. This includes creating a new user account and setting up your preferences and settings.

Step 12: Reinstall Programs and Restore Files

After the factory reset is complete, you will need to reinstall any programs or software that you had prior to the reset. You can do this by downloading them from the internet or using installation disks. Don’t forget to restore any important files from your external hard drive or cloud-based storage service.

Tips and Tricks for Factory Resetting

Here are some additional tips and tricks to keep in mind when factory resetting your Windows computer:

1. Make sure your computer is fully charged or plugged in before starting the reset process.

2. Keep your Windows product key handy in case you need to reinstall Windows after the reset.

3. Experiment with different reset options to see what works best for your computer’s performance.

4. Consider reinstalling third-party antivirus software to further secure your computer.

5. Take the opportunity to remove any unused programs or software during the reset process.

6. Keep in mind that a factory reset will erase all personal data, so make sure to back up anything important before starting.

7. Use a quality external hard drive or cloud-based storage service for your backup.

8. Take the time to reorganize and optimize your files and documents after the reset.

9. Consider investing in a solid state drive (SSD) for faster system performance after the reset.

10. Don’t hesitate to seek professional help if you are unsure about the reset process.

We hope that this guide has provided you with the information you need to successfully factory reset your Windows computer. Remember to take your time and follow the steps carefully to ensure the best possible results. Good luck!

Kelebihan dan Kekurangan of How to Factory Reset Windows


1. Fixes Software Problems – A factory reset gives your computer a fresh start by removing all the installed applications and resetting all settings to their defaults. This often fixes software problems that may have accumulated over time, such as sluggish performance or error messages.

2. Speeds Up Your Computer – If your computer has slowed down over time, a factory reset can speed it up significantly by removing all the junk files, temporary files, and bloatware that come pre-installed with Windows.

3. Improves Security – By performing a factory reset, you’ll be wiping all the personal data from your computer. This includes files, folders, passwords, and user accounts. This is especially useful if you’re planning to sell or donate your computer, as it will ensure that nobody can access your personal data.

4. Saves Time – A factory reset is much quicker than manually troubleshooting and fixing every issue that your computer has. It’s a one-stop solution that resolves most of the common problems with Windows.

5. No Additional Software Required – Factory resetting your computer doesn’t require any additional software or tools. It’s a built-in feature of Windows that you can access directly from your computer’s settings.


1. Data Loss – Performing a factory reset will wipe all the data from your computer, including personal files, documents, and pictures. Be sure to back up your important files before resetting your computer.

2. Reinstallation Required – After performing a factory reset, you’ll need to reinstall all the applications and programs that you were using before. This can be time-consuming, depending on how many apps you had installed.

3. System Updates Required – After resetting your computer, you’ll need to update the operating system and all the drivers to their latest versions. This can take some time and may require a stable internet connection.

4. Limited Fixes – A factory reset may not fix all the issues your computer has. If your computer has hardware issues, you’ll need to get it repaired by a professional.

5. Complete Reset – A factory reset erases everything on your computer. This means that there’s no going back once you press the reset button. Be sure to make a backup of your data before resetting your computer.


1. How do I factory reset my Windows computer?

You can go to Settings > Update & Security > Recovery > Reset this PC to factory settings.

2. Will factory resetting Windows delete my personal files?

Yes, factory resetting Windows will delete all of your personal files and any programs you have installed.

3. Can factory resetting Windows fix software problems?

Yes, factory resetting Windows can fix software problems by restoring your computer to its original state.

4. How long does it take to factory reset Windows?

The time it takes to factory reset Windows depends on your computer’s hardware and the amount of data you need to erase. It can take anywhere from 1-2 hours to complete.

5. Do I need a Windows installation disc to factory reset Windows?

No, you do not need a Windows installation disc to factory reset Windows. You can use the built-in reset feature in Windows.

6. Can I stop the factory reset process once it has started?

No, once the factory reset process has started, it cannot be stopped.

7. Will factory resetting Windows remove viruses and malware?

Yes, factory resetting Windows will remove viruses and malware because it erases the entire hard drive and reinstalls the operating system.

8. Will factory resetting Windows improve my computer’s performance?

Yes, factory resetting Windows can improve your computer’s performance by removing unnecessary programs and files that can slow it down.

9. What should I do before factory resetting Windows?

You should backup all of your important files and data before factory resetting Windows. You should also make sure you have all of the necessary software installers and product keys for any programs you want to reinstall.

10. Can I factory reset Windows without a password?

Yes, you can factory reset Windows without a password by using a Windows installation disk or USB drive.

11. Does factory resetting Windows erase all of my hard drive partitions?

Yes, factory resetting Windows will erase all of your hard drive partitions and reinstall the operating system.

12. Can factory resetting Windows cause hardware problems?

No, factory resetting Windows cannot cause hardware problems. However, it can erase any customized hardware drivers or installed hardware that is not recognized by Windows.

13. What should I do if my computer won’t factory reset?

If your computer won’t factory reset, you may need to use an installation disc or USB drive to reinstall Windows manually. You can also seek help from a professional technician.

How to Factory Reset Windows

Factory resetting your Windows PC is a simple process that can help you fix any software related issues, remove viruses, or clean your device before selling or giving it away. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to factory reset your Windows operating system.

Conclusion and Closing

Completing a factory reset on your Windows PC can help you resolve any software-related issues and return your device to its original settings. It is important to back-up your data before engaging in the process. By following the steps outlined above, you can reset your Windows device to its original state, and enjoy a fresh start, free of problems and issues. Good luck!

Thank you for taking the time to read our guide on how to factory reset your Windows device. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. We wish you all the best in resetting your device and hope that it brings you the results you desire. Until next time.